Varicose veins also known as the lower limbs or varicose veins of the lower extremities is the term for the deterioration of the function of bringing the blood back to the heart of the venous system located in the leg area. This leads to stagnation of blood that will cause fluctuations in blood movement and deformation of surrounding tissue.
Symptoms include fatigue, leg heaviness, leg edema, paresthesia, cow ants, cramping (cramps) about the night… can lead to dyspeptic complications such as eczema, benign foot ulcers (especially in the elderly), bleeding, a large dilated shallow static, superficial thrombophlebitis, deep vein thrombosis.
Varicose veins, which can theoretically occur in any vein on the body, are in the hands. But in fact the majority of cases that are acquired occur in the lower limbs, due to the longer, more complex limb vein system, and are influenced by gravity when the patient has to stand much.
In the world, varicose veins of the lower limbs constitute a significant proportion of the population, of which 70% are female. In Vietnam, there is a prediction of the disease increasing due to the development of the economy and changing the lifestyle.
Chronic foot varicose veins are usually less dangerous but will cause people with unpleasant sensations, affecting the quality of life.
VARICOSE VEINS OF LOWER EXTREMITIES
Varicose veins of lower extremities are not dangerous to life, only cause discomfort, pain and loss of aesthetics, obstructing living. However, complications of this disease are the formation of blood clots in the vein, these blood clots can cause local vascular obstruction or move along the bloodstream and cause other vascular obstruction in which the most dangerous is pulmonary obstruction , which can lead to respiratory failure and death.
Up to 77.6% of patients who are unaware of their illness. In addition, they are also afraid to go to the examination, not treatment or improper treatment. This leads to very unpredictable consequences, which can even lead to death. There are three complications that people with impaired disease and leg varicose veins may experience if not properly treated, are thrombosis (blood clotting), hemorrhage (bleeding) and leg ulcers.
The dilated veins if not removed will be at risk for the establishment of blood clots, causing superficial thrombophlebitis. Blood clots created in the veins can peel off, according to the blood flow upside down to the lungs, pulmonary obstruction, the risk of death is high. The dilated veins gradually come to a time that will be broken when trauma or mild collision, causing hemorrhage, ecchymosis. The disorder of skin overload in the lower leg of the day leads to eczema, increased skin pigmentation and leg ulcers due to stagnation. The condition of venous ulcer is a very difficult complication.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Varicose veins are a social pathology that is more related to diet and work. Therefore, the general recommendation is to avoid standing long, sitting many, especially office workers, should not sit and work continuously throughout the meeting, competing for a few minutes during the working period from 30-60 minutes. While sitting at work, it is possible to coordinate exercises for foot movement so that blood circulation is good. Eat more vegetables, fiber, vitamins. Should exercise for weight loss such as: Walking with fast pace, swimming, biking, nursing training.
Eliminate the harmful habits that stand, sit long, carry heavy burdens
To slow the progression of the disease, it is necessary to eliminate the harmful habits of standing, sitting long, carrying heavy… If the disease is at a mild stage, it is possible to treat symptomatic relief with venous hematuria, in coordination with wearing elastic socks (intravenous stockings) that give pressure to prevent retrograde bleeding (bas contention). If the disease at a severe stage causes much pain and multiple tufts, it may be necessary for surgical methods to remove a few veins in the legs.
Avoid continuous sit-in-motion throughout 8h
For those who do office work, typing must sit much should avoid constant sitting in the entire 8h working because that would not be good for chronic venous insufficiency, as well as coronary artery disease. It is recommended to compete for about 30-60 minutes. While sitting at work, it is possible to coordinate exercises for foot advocacy such as: stretching the toes, folding the Anke, heel… Let blood flow better. Exercising by walking fast, just going on vacation, high footboard is also good for venous disease. Replenish enough with a rich diet of fresh fruit and vegetables.
Walking is the most important practice method
However in the lower limb venous insufficiency, walking is not the optimal solution, and if improper walking can also cause aggravation of the disease. Should walk less, do not go too far, have to walk with fast velocity, avoid continuous travel that should just go on holiday, high foot. If many varicose veins have been impaired, wear socks while walking. If conditions are available, swimming is the most appropriate sport for this pathology.
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